Felton Empire Road/Empire Grade

Distance: 23 miles out and back
Elevation gain: 3260 ft

(A Best of the Best ride)
(A Best of the Best descent)

(Note: This route and the surrounding area were badly damaged by the terrible fires of 2020.  Expect major fire damage to the forest.)

Let me lay my cards on the table.  This ride is in Bestrides because of 3.7 miles—the length of Felton Empire Road.  Since few Bestrides users are interested in going for a 7.4-mile ride, I’ve added some worthwhile miles to make a day of it, but it’s those 3.7 that really matter.

There are two roads that run parallel north/south through the region northwest of Santa Cruz: Hwy 9 and Empire Grade.  Hwy 9 is a beautiful road but the main artery through the region and is very heavily trafficked with no shoulder—to be avoided except when necessary as a connector.  Empire Grade is much less developed and much less busy, and is a staple bike route for Santa Cruzans, but it’s tamer, bigger, and straighter than the real Santa Cruz back roads and thus lacks that sense of being IN the redwood forest that makes SC riding so special.  It would be a great ride anywhere else, but it’s not near the top of my SC ride list.

Felton Empire Road

These two roads are connected by three roads of interest to cyclists: Felton Empire, Alba, and Jamison Creek.  All three are short (3-4 miles), steep, windy, and gorgeous.  Felton Empire is fairly steep, and Jamison Creek and Alba are very steep (slightly under 10% average).  Locals insist that Jamison is steeper than Alba.  If you want a vertical challenge, go for either one.  Hint: Jamison Creek is shorter (3 miles to 3.7 miles), but it begins with about a mile of low-key climbing so it packs all the hurt in the last 2 miles.  JCR has recently (as of 5/24) been repaved, so its surface is pristine (thanks, Alex).  I think both roads are too steep to be fun descents, but YMMV.  So if we’re looking for a ride that’s rewarding up and down, the choice is Felton Empire, a testing but totally rideable climb and absolutely as good a descent as there is on this Earth.  Since there is a fog line between Boulder Creek and Felton, Felton Empire Road and Alba are wetter, therefore lusher/prettier, than Jamison Creek.

At the top of Felton Empire you can go three ways, and they’re all good.  But two of them, Ice Cream Grade (straight ahead) and Empire downhill (L), are part of the Bonny Doon/Empire Grade ride, so I’ve mapped this ride to go R, uphill on Empire, to its end, then back.


Start in the small, pleasant town of Felton.  Felton Empire Rd. is steep from the get-go, so I strongly suggest riding around the back streets of Felton for a while until your legs are ready to work.   Note the wonderfully-named Gushee St.

Felton Empire Road

Head up Felton Empire. It’s never worse than it is at first, and, while there’s a lot of 8-10% stuff, there isn’t a single moment of “I’m not sure I can do this.” The scenery is just amazing. FER is, as the name suggests, the connector between moderately busy Empire Grade and Felton, so you’ll see some traffic. Look off to your R to see how steep the drop-off is.

Felton Empire Road

At the top, you really have two good choices: do the ride as mapped, or do a loop that includes Ice Cream Grade, the upper end of Pine Flat Rd., and a leg of upper Empire, in either direction. If you aren’t planning on doing the Bonny Doon ride, absolutely do the loop, because ICG is not to be missed.  You can go either way—clockwise gives you a sweet descent and mild climb out on Ice Cream, and counterclockwise gives you a mild descent and a significant climb out.

Assuming we follow our map, go R at the four-way and continue up Empire Grade to its end. EG seems pretty ordinary after the wonders of Felton Empire, but it’s really totally fine. It’s mostly mild to moderate climbing, with nothing seriously steep but some substantial overall elevation gain. As you ride north, it gets smaller, prettier, and quieter. Just before the Alba intersection, you start descending, and most of the rest of the road is moderately down, so if you’ve had your fill of climbing, turn around at Alba. Otherwise, go to the end, which is a gate separating you from what looks like some sort of prison.

Felton Empire Road

Empire Grade (and its brother to the west, Pine Flat Rd) is merely fine going up but an absolute hoot coming down, a fast, largely straight ripper with wide, mild curves you can take at speed and the occasional roller you can power up to keep your legs awake. You can stay on it all the way to Santa Cruz and prolong the fun, but we’ve got something much better in mind.

Turn L onto Felton Empire and prepare to be transported. This is descending as good as it gets. It’s very fast and it’s never straight, but the curves are deliciously banked and the sight lines are outstanding, so you can carry a lot of speed safely. If the Disneyland Matterhorn bobsleds were run on bikes, this would be it.  The fact that you’re riding through Eden only adds to the joy. Get to the bottom, get off your bike, and try to fathom what you’ve just experienced.

Shortening the route: Ride up Felton Empire and back down.

Adding miles:  See the Monterey Bay discussion in the Rides by Region chapter for a survey of roads in the Santa Cruz area.  Since it’s the same conversation for all 6 of our Santa Cruz rides, I’ll do it once there and leave it at that.

In Santa Cruz, even the poison oak is beautiful

5 thoughts on “Felton Empire Road/Empire Grade

  1. Brian

    Just did this ride on 4/11/19 and can attest that the Felton Empire descent is even better than advertised. The pavement is great and the road seems to have been designed for those on two wheels. I would highly recommend going up F-E and connecting to Ice Cream Grade to Pine Flat and back down F-E. I added miles by taking Empire to Jamison Creek (terrible descent) and doing the Big Basin loop as well. I connected back to Empire Grade via Alba Road.

  2. Brian

    The 3.7 miles of descending was everything (and more) that I’d want from a descent. You prepared me to have fun, but it even exceeded my expectations.

  3. JAY

    I don’t live in the Bay Area any longer, but I used to incorporate this road downhill on the way to Zayante to head back home in Mtn. View. Those were epic days back in the late Eighties/mid-Nineties. Review brought back memories of what has to be one of the best places to road bike in the country.

    1. Jack Rawlins Post author

      From the top of Upper Zayante I assume you’d return home via Bear Creek Rd, Skyline Blvd, and Page Mill Rd. BCR has become a dangerous commuter alley, but your route isn’t on it long. Skyline can be hectic, but you’re riding the less populated stretch (south of Page Mill).


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