Ebbetts Pass

Distance: 27 miles out and back
Elevation gain: 2989 ft

(A Best of the Best ride)

The Death Ride has made its three summits—Carson, Monitor, and Ebbetts—famous.  The three climbs are very different.  Carson Pass—included in the Carson Pass Plus ride—is an almost straight slog whose selling point is its magnificent vistas.  Monitor Pass is a monotonous, seemingly endless straight grind up through featureless high desert country I find esthetically without merit.  Many riders love it.  I’ve asked them why, and it seems to come down to how you feel about straight 50-mph descents.  I don’t care for them, so Monitor isn’t in my list.

Ebbetts Pass, on the other hand,  is one of the four or five best rides in California, a challenging but always rewarding climb along rocky steams and through pretty Sierra Nevada forest surrounded by classic High Sierra granite and big canyon views, with a road contour that is constantly varying—no long, tedious slogs, I promise.   And the descent is even better—very much in the running for best descent in California.  The road surface is as good as a road surface that experiences California high-country winters can be—the top few miles are a bit rough on the descent but most of it is close to glass.

Highway 4 is a “major” route through the Sierras, but it has little traffic, because most cars choose other routes.  Unless you’re doing this ride on a summer weekend (never a good idea), once you leave Carson River, which is busy with fishermen in the summer, you should be pretty much alone.  I last rode it on a weekday morning in September, and I saw 15 vehicles, or slightly more than a car every two miles.  And the sight lines are grand, so the few on-coming cars announce themselves in advance.


The Carson River canyon before sunrise

Ebbetts Pass is closed by snow in the winter.  It’s usually plowed sometime in late June.  Check highway reports before heading out there.

You shouldn’t need to resupply water on this ride, but if you do, there are two formal campgrounds along Hwy 4.  On hot days I take a third water bottle and cache it when the climbing gets taxing.

(To see an interactive version of the map/elevation profile, click on the ride name, upper left, wait for the new map to load, then click on the “full screen” icon, upper right.)



Picture-perfect scenery

Begin at the intersection of Hwys 89 and 4.  There’s a large dirt parking lot at the intersection. The route is simplicity itself: ride south on Hwy 4 to Ebbetts Pass, then turn around and ride home.  There’s a road sign immediately after you get on the bike reading “24% grade ahead,” and it isn’t lying, but that’s Pacific Grade, which is west of Hermit Valley on the other side of the pass and our route doesn’t go that far.

For two miles you ride along the east fork of the Carson River, which is a sleepy little stream, so the climbing is 1% or less.  After you cross the river on a bridge, you start climbing and climb without interruption save some whoop-de-doos near the turn-around.

Once on the far side of the river, the road cuts over to Silver Creek, which has considerably more fall than Carson, and you do 5 miles of pretty, easy climbing along the creek and through forest.

Starting to gain elevation

Starting to gain elevation and looking back where you came from

About 7 miles in you hit a 12% stretch, and from then on nothing is easy.  From here to the summit you’ll average 6%, with frequent moments of 8-11%, all made a notch harder by the elevation, which tops out at 8,736 ft.—expect 6% to feel more like 9%.  The work continues right to the summit—I find the last 2 miles as hard as any part of the route.  But the road contour and the scenery are always changing, so you never get bored and the steepness, when it comes, doesn’t overwhelm.

Classic High Sierra scenery

Classic High Sierra granite-and-conifer landscape

Every mile of this ride is eye candy.  You begin with the stark beauty of the Carson River canyon.  Then you move into green meadows and aspens.  After you leave Silver Creek you scale the side of a big canyon, and there are frequent grand vistas of where you’ve come from as you climb.  Higher up are some of the awe-inspiring granite crags for which the Sierra Nevada is famous.  If you want to maximize the scenic wonderfulness, do the ride in September-October when the aspens are turning colors, but don’t wait until it snows, when the road closes.

Absurdly fun contour

Absurdly fun contour (click on the image to really see)

At the signed and unmissable summit, turn around and begin 13 miles of ridiculously wonderful descending—the nearest thing to Big Thunder Mountain Railroad on a bike.  There are places where you’ll have to tell yourself to stop laughing with glee and pay attention to the job at hand.  The road surface is pristine, the curves are railable and no two are alike, and the pitch is ideal—steep enough for long runs of 30-35 mph with next to no braking.  Early in the descent is a mile of breath-taking, swooping whoop-de-doos you flash through at 35 mph—I know of nothing else like them.

Shortening the route: It’s almost impossible.  If you turn around before the summit, you miss the wonderful whoop-de-doos on the return ride.  If you drive the first few miles of the route you’ll be saving almost no work, since they’re the flattish ones, and you’ll want the warm-up anyway.

Looking back from near the top

Looking north a couple of miles from the summit

Adding miles: The easiest way to add 10 miles is to start the ride in Markleeville, a small, charming little town that lives entirely off outdoor sports (mostly fishing).  Since it’s the base for the Death Ride, you’ll be welcome.  The five miles from town to the start of our route is well worth riding, mostly along the east branch of the Carson River through a dramatically stark landscape made starker due to some minor fire damage.  There is one noticeable hill.

At Ebbetts Pass you can continue on down the back side and keep riding west as far as you like.  The Death Ride goes a few miles past the summit to Hermit Valley and turns around.  I hear it’s a fine ride and that the climb back up to Ebbetts isn’t bad, but I haven’t done it (see the diverse opinions among readers in the comments below).  If you’re touring you can ride Hwy 4 all the way to Angel’s Camp and Hwy 49, but you’ll face that 24% climb up Pacific Grade leaving Hermit Valley.  If you make it to the Pacific Grade Summit you’re at the turn-around point of our Bear Valley to Mosquito Lake ride and can do it, then keep going to the other Bestrides rides along west Hwy 4.

In Markleeville you’re not far from the Blue Lakes Road ride and the Carson Pass Plus ride and everything else detailed in the Adding Miles section under the Carson Pass ride.  The ride from Markleeville to Sorensen’s is almost all trafficky, straight, monotonous, moderate climbing—totally ridable but the classic definition of grind.

The Diamond Valley Rd/Carson River Road loop, just north off Hwy 89 by Woodfords, is a pleasant, flattish (750 ft of gain) 12 miles through surprisingly desert-y country, good for a recovery day.  Don’t go on a hot summer afternoon—it’s very exposed.

You’re parking at the base of Highway 89, the Monitor Pass ride, which I can’t recommend but which many others adore.

9 thoughts on “Ebbetts Pass

  1. Dane

    I did this ride yesterday. I second everything you said. The climb is great (and tough all the way to the summit from Silver Creek campground). The descent is second to none. It is ridiculously good! I highly recommend descending the west side of Ebbetts and then coming back up. Only adds 10+ miles and the descent and climb back up are very good.

  2. Nibbles

    Rode yesterday from Markleeville past Ebbetts Pass up to Pacific Grade summit and back.

    Aspens turning color really added an extra level of beauty to an already-grand ride. The contour was enough to make me laugh. Add to that the most epic descent ever—worth the 8 hours of driving from San Jose.

    The 5 miles past the Pass have grand vistas but the contour is too straight and imho a bit boring, but one needs to traverse them to get to the awesome experience that is Pacific Grade.

    Pacific Grade stair-steps up to the summit in a comically sadistic way: flats and walls after flats after walls. the two switchbacks where the grade is supposed to hit 24% made me laugh out loud in their absurd steepness. Still, my Garmin only recorded a max of 13% (!) but it certainly felt much steeper than that.

    Coming down Pacific Grade is not nearly as challenging as one might think while climbing it: all the flats provide good opportunities to scrub off speed before the next short, steep plunge. That said, you risk flying off the pavement if you choose not to brake at these points. An unforgettable, true roller coaster experience! Definitely recommended!

    1. Jack Rawlins Post author

      For what it’s worth, Mapmyride says Pacific Grade is 10-13%, with one leg of 17%.

  3. jack rawlins

    A Bestrides user writes on 9/17: I ended up doing Ebbetts again and heading past it to Lake Alpine as well. As one of your other readers suggested, I think it could be worth your trying out the ride to Pacific Grade Summit…maybe even Lake Alpine. The climb back up Ebbetts from Hermit Valley is indeed a slog, but I think it’s worth it for what you get in exchange. The east side of Ebbetts (both ascending and descending) is still the highlight but the rocky roller coaster of Pacific Grade was great.

    There are lot more potholes on the route than I remember (probably tied to all the snow last winter), but they’re pretty easy to avoid, and I didn’t see any of the wheel taco-ing variety.

    If you do choose to ride to Lake Alpine, there’s water at the general store from May to October — I think this week is their last week? — and there appears to be a hand pump at Pacific Valley Campground just off the route: http://www.californiasbestcamping.com/alpine/pacific_valley.html

  4. ralph

    1. I do enjoy the desert-to-mountain vistas on monitor.

    2. Up and down Ebbetts is too small for strong riders. Adding Monitor makes a super-hard day for anyone. Or, ride out to the hot springs outside Markleeville for a lovely post-ride soak.

    3. There’s a hotel at Lake Topaz. I’ve used that as a start point.

    4. Bring layers. Even if it’s hot. At 8700 ft, things can change faster than you can get down.

    5. Carson Pass is a good miss. Too many large and angry cars.

    6. If you are thinking of linking to Lake Tahoe, traffic is a bit heavy on 88/89. Going down 88 (east) is safer than going up (west). 88 east is very dangerous.

    7. The backside of Ebbetts is NOT the wonderful decent you’ll be hoping for. It’s one of those step down’s that requires work on the up-hill pitches, and the Pacific Grade will make even a doper cry.

  5. John Smith

    I spent a week in Reno last week doing day rides. Did Markleeville to Monitor, Markleeville to Ebbetts, both one side only, a few shorter rides around Reno, and a loop of Lake Tahoe. After the Lake Tahoe Loop, it was like night and day traffic-wise riding up Ebbetts. While I agree that the scenery on Ebbetts is better than Monitor, both rides are better than almost any other climb because of almost zero traffic. This was mid-week at the end of July 2020 and I could probably count on both hands, and maybe feet as well, all the vehicles I encountered on each ride.

  6. Damian Park

    I started from Cape Horn (few miles west of Lake Alpine), descended Pacific Grade, went through Hermit Valley, climbed Ebbets from the west and continued to the Wolf Creek intersection. Then I returned. I really liked the climb up Ebbets from the west–a steady climb watching the Juniper trees replace the Jeffrey pines and watching the Mokelumne River (N fork) disappear below. Riding through Hermit Valley both directions is wonderful–the Mokelumne and every creek and stream this year (Aug. 2023) are running strong. Pacific Grade was very tough on return. The flies and occasional horse fly made me press on even though I couldn’t bike fast enough uphill to outpace them. As everyone else mentions, the scenery, pavement quality, and lack of cars make this segment of highway ideal biking. The flies added some annoyance, and the elevation made it tough but memorable.

  7. Tim K

    Did this ride today and had a blast, but just a word to the wise: the campgrounds don’t have water available anymore. I’m not sure if that’s just for the season or forever. I stopped at the summit instead of continuing west since I was running low on water, lucked out and caught a couple cyclists leaving at the base of the ride who were able to share with me for the ride back to Woodfords.


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